Island of Lesbos – Greece
Nearly 350,000 exiles arrived on the Greek island near the Turkish coast. To leave the island, you have to take the ferry, and for that you have to register with the authorities. The first “hotspot” of Greece, these recording and sorting centers that sets up the European Union to the principal place of entry into its territory, is there, in the old Moria detention center. The center does not host, it records. The exiles sleep where they can, with the support of NGOs, volunteers. To register, two queues: one of priority, the Syrians; the other, the non–Syrians.
Balkans – at the borders
Thursday, November 19, Macedonia and Serbia are closing their borders to exiles who are not from countries at war. In fact only Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian nationals can pass, and go up to Central Europe. The others are blocked in the country where they are ar the moment, and in the first of them, Greece.
Teteghem – France
An exiles camp on the road to the United Kingdom is on the territory of that municipality of the area of Dunkirk, in northern France. Since early October, its destruction is announced by the authorities. The police frequently comes and arrests inhabitants and destroy parts of the camp, in order to make people leave. A poster of the Dunkirk subprefecture up at the entrance of the camp prmises to the Iraqis and Syrians: “France welcomes you and offers you immediate asylum“. Wednesday, November 18, the camp is dismantled (see here, here, here and there).
European authorities had developed a speech separating the “refugee-es”, to be welcomed and protected, from the “economic migrants” who are not welcome and should be returned to their country of origin. We now have a hierarchy between legitimate refugees, Syrians, Iraqis, Afghans sometimes, and others.
We have two systems that overlap, and are based on hotspots. All the exiles who are entering the European Union are supposed to be recorded when the system is in place. A priori, “economic migrants“ would be deported to their country of origin. Part of the “refugee-es legitimate“, with priority, yet the Iraqis and Syrians, would be admitted under a quota system in the various countries of the EU who would accept them. The others would be subject to the Dublin III Regulation which tells in most cases the country of entry into the European Union is the one where they must make their application for asylum. If the registration is systematic in hotspots and they take fingerprints and record them in the Eurodac database, only refugees admitted in quotas should be allowed in other countries that the entrance countries. Except to leave these countries (Greece, Bulgaria, Italy …) to live elsewhere a life of sans-papiers.
Under humanitarian cover (welcome Syrians), the system that is being put in place, based on the hotspots, quotas and maintaining the Dublin III Regulation is therefore likely to be even more unfair that the latter applied alone.